While in Germany 90 percent of waste is recycled, in Serbia that percent is about 10.
RECYCLING IN SERBIA, WHAT ARE THE ADVETAGES OF THE GREEN FUND?
Recycling plants are working at half capacity because collecting waste is a problem, and waste collection network is mainly in the gray area. The national platform for the inclusion of collectors in the waste collection system in Serbia is being developed, which predicts their inclusion in the legal framework by the beginning of 2018. The relevant ministry announces the introduction of the Green Fund.
Packaging waste is mostly recycled – about 40 percent, but the largest part finishes at illegal dumps, in nature and rivers. Up to 80 percent of raw materials for the recycling industry, scrap paper, iron, PVC, bottles, batteries are brought by unregistered collectors of secondary raw materials. ″The informal sector, taking items out of dumpsters, packaging waste out of utility company dumpsters, goes to the points of sale and sells them. Pančevo and Novi Sad had to move a portion of dumpsters for primary selection since the informal sector used to ruin them and take packaging waste″, said Violeta Belanović Kokir from ″Sekopak".
The national platform for the inclusion of collectors envisages their introduction in the legal business system by local self-governments during 2017. ″The mechanisms of the state paying tax to the informal collectors for five years and introducing them in the public register of local self-governments will be absolutely stimulating. The process will lead to new 30.000 jobs″, says Siniša Mitrović from the Committee for Environmental Protection of Serbian Chamber of Commerce.
As announced in the relevant ministry, the introduction of the Green Fund will help in financing the recycling industry. ″We will be able to grant subsidies to recyclers. We will be able to guarantee co-financing of the projects in the territory of Serbia which will be financed by the EU. Within a month we will officially have the Green Fund“, says Aleksandar Vesić from the Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection.
After the last year’s decrease, the collection of ecological taxes has increased this year.
Filip Radović from the Environmental Protection Agency says that this is primarily due to the measures implemented by the Environmental Protection Agency, concerning firstly the reporting process itself within which the companies should report to them. ″We have made a system efficient, easy to manage, but also made several steps forward in legal terms, which resulted in the increased number of reports, and therefore, the possibility of eco-tax collection″, says Radović.
The amount of processed electrical and electronic waste is increasing too. Last year, recyclers received two billion dinars as a compensation for the processed waste, and this year, they will receive more than two and a half billion dinars.