The new Waste Management Law plans includes the creation of the Waste Prevention Program, better defined pharmaceutical and medical waste, more efficient collection of hazardous waste and clear funding of the disposal of hazardous pharmaceutical waste collected by citizens.
Waste Management Law
The debates on the new Waste Management Law have ended, and the amendments will bring the compliance of legal solutions with other applicable regulations, as well as specifying of individual provisions of the Law. Besides the principle of personal responsibility, the responsibility of waste manufacturers and recyclers will be defined. Also, the Law states the obligations of local self-governments in this segment, whereby four amendments are clearly separated and are to contribute to the improvement of waste management conditions.
Waste Prevention Program
The Law introduces a new type of planning document – Waste Prevention Program, which defines goals and measures of waste prevention. This Program shall be enacted by the Government for a six-year period. In a planned and efficient way, the Program shall enable the prevention of economic growth negative impacts on the environment by means of waste production. Also, besides general elements, the work plan of the existing waste management facilities must contain data on the type and quantity of historical waste in the facility, as well as action plan for historical waste removal with cost evaluation.
Better defined pharmaceutical and medical waste
The Law amendment provides clear guidelines for the definition of hazardous and non-hazardous pharmaceutical waste, which will significantly help specify waste and disposal cost reduction.
Hazardous waste collection efficiency
The Law will make sure that the time limit for the prior notice of hazardous waste movement is reduced from three to two days, and the notice will be submitted to the Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection regarding its movement, which will significantly increase the efficiency of hazardous waste collection. Also, the hazardous waste movement document will be filled in electronically starting from January 1, 2016.
Clear funding of hazardous pharmaceutical waste disposal
The Law will enable clear definition of the funding of the disposal of hazardous pharmaceutical waste collected by citizens. The new principle of "personal responsibility" has been introduced and it stipulates the establishment of proper integrated network of facilities for the reutilization and disposal of mixed municipal waste collected from the households. Apart from that, the principle of waste management hierarchy has been altered in terms of priorities – prevention, preparation for reutilization, recycling, reutilization operations (waste energy utilization) and waste disposal.